Dimock, Ronald V., Jr. Department of Biology, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, North Carolina.
Last reviewed:January 2020
- Invasive effects
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The largest subclass in the class Bivalvia, phylum Mollusca. The subclass Heterodonta contains some of the most ecologically important bivalves (Fig. 1). For example, marine clams, cockles, and shipworms are heterodonts. Formerly, the class Bivalvia comprised five or more subclasses. However, modern phylogenetic studies have reduced the number of subclasses to four: Protobranchia, Pteriomorphia, Paleoheterodonta, and Heterodonta. In particular, members of the former subclass Septibranchia (Anomalodesmata) have been subsumed within the heterodonts. With approximately 4000–5000 species (about 50% of living bivalves), the heterodonts represent a very important assemblage of mollusks that has undergone a great deal of adaptive radiation. The group also has a rich fossil history, dating from the Lower Paleozoic. See also: Bivalvia; Mollusca; Paleoheterodonta; Protobranchia; Pteriomorphia; Septibranchia (Anomalodesmata)
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 10,000 highly qualified scientists and 46 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information