Phelan, Richard M. Department of Mechanical Systems and Design, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York.
Last reviewed:December 2019
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A combination of a large and a small cylinder connected by a pipe and filled with a fluid so that the pressure created in the fluid by a small force acting on the piston in the small cylinder will result in a large force on the large piston. The operation depends upon Pascal's principle, which states that when a liquid is at rest the addition of a pressure (force per unit area) at one point results in an identical increase in pressure at all points. Therefore, in Fig. 1, the pressure due to the application of force F1 is shown by Eq. (1),
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