Donaldson, Alex I Institute for Animal Health, Pirbright Laboratory, Pirbright, United Kingdom.
- Properties of virus
- Immune response
- Laboratory diagnosis
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
A highly contagious viral disease of domesticated and wild cloven-hoofed animals with the potential to cause enormous economic losses. It is characterized by the formation of vesicles on the feet, in and around the mouth (Fig. 1), and on the mammary gland. At the acute stage, there is high fever, depression, lameness, and reduced appetite. Milking animals show a sudden reduction in production. The mortality in adult animals is usually less than 3%, but in young animals it can exceed 90%.
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