Kareiva, Peter M. Department of Zoology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.
Last reviewed:November 2021
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- Areas of modeling
- Building a model
- Advantages and limitations
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The use of computer simulations or mathematical equations to address questions that cannot be answered solely by experiments or observations. Ecological models have two major aims: to provide general insight into how ecological systems or ecological interactions work; and to provide specific predictions about the likely futures of particular populations, communities, or ecosystems (see illustration).
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