Little, Elbert L., Jr. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington DC.
Last reviewed:January 2020
- Wood and uses
- Related Primary Literature
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A large coniferous tree, Pseudotsuga menziesii (formerly, P. taxifolia), known also as red fir, belonging to the pine family (Pinaceae). Douglas-fir is one of the most widespread and most valuable tree species of western North America and ranks among the most important trees in the world. In the United States, this species is first in total stand volume, lumber production, and veneer use for plywood. It is the most common Christmas tree in the western United States and is the state tree of Oregon. The name honors David Douglas, a Scottish botanical explorer, who introduced the seeds to Europe. See also: Forest and forestry; Forest timber resources; Pinales; Tree
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