Fitch, Val L. Formerly, Department of Physics, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey. Nobelist.
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A fundamental ingredient in quantum field theories, which dictates that all interactions in nature, all the force laws, are unchanged (invariant) on being subjected to the combined operations of particle-antiparticle interchange (so-called charge conjugation, C), reflection of the coordinate system through the origin (parity, P), and reversal of time, T. The operations may be performed in any order; TCP, TPC, and so forth, are entirely equivalent. If an interaction is not invariant under any one of the operations, its effect must be compensated by the other two, either singly or combined, in order to satisfy the requirements of the theorem. See also: Nonrelativistic quantum theory; Quantum field theory
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