MacDaniels, Laurence H. Horticultural Section, School of Integrative Plant Science, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York.
Last reviewed:December 2019
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
A medium-sized, spreading evergreen tree (Anacardium occidentale), native to Brazil, which is grown widely in the tropics for its kidney-shaped edible nuts and the resinous oil in the shells. Cashews belong to the family Anacardiaceae in the order Sapindales. The fruit consists of a fleshy, red or yellow, pear-shaped receptacle, termed the apple [2–3.5 in. (5–8.9 cm) in length], at the distal end of which is borne a hard-shelled, kidney-shaped ovary or nut (see illustration); this nut is approximately 1.5 in. (3.8 cm) in length. The shell of this nut is about 0.12 in. (3 mm) in thickness and consists of a smooth, relatively thin outer layer (exocarp) and an inner hard layer (endocarp). Between these layers is a porous layer (mesocarp), which is filled with a caustic black liquid that blisters the skin and makes the processing of the nut difficult. See also: Allergy; Fruit; Nut crop culture; Sapindales; Tree
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 10,000 highly qualified scientists and 46 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information