Clarke, J. Harold Clarke Nursery, Long Beach, Washington.
Milholland, Robert D. Department of Plant Pathology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina.
Last reviewed:December 2019
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Any of several species of the genus Vaccinium, plant order Ericales, ranging from low-growing, almost prostrate plants to vigorous shrubs reaching a height of 12–15 ft (3.6–4.6 m). The fruit, a berry, is usually black or purplish blue and is covered with bluish bloom (Fig. 1). Blueberries generally occur in clusters. Each individual blueberry has numerous small seeds; this characteristic distinguishes the blueberry from the huckleberry, which has 10 rather large, gritty seeds. Although there are blueberry species on other continents, all cultivated varieties in the United States are American in origin. See also: Ericales; Fruit
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