Melnick, Joseph L. Department of Virology and Epidemiology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas.
Last reviewed:February 2016
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A number of diseases, including Saint Louis encephalitis, Japanese encephalitis, and various forms of equine encephalitis, which are caused by arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses). In their most severe human forms, the diseases collectively termed arboviral encephalitides (see table) invade the central nervous system and produce brain damage, with mental confusion, convulsions, and coma; death or serious aftereffects are frequent in severe cases. Inapparent infections are common. See also: Disease ecology; Exotic viral diseases; Zoonoses
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