Aldwinckle, Herb S. Department of Plant Pathology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York.
Beer, Steven V. Department of Plant Pathology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York.
Last reviewed:February 2020
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- Origin and breeding
- Planting systems and rootstocks
- Pest control
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
A deciduous tree (genus Malus) in the order Rosales, which produces an edible, simple, fleshy, pome-type fruit. Apples (Fig. 1) belong to the family Rosaceae, which includes many other deciduous fruits, including pears, peaches, and cherries. There are approximately 30 Malus species in the North Temperate Zone. The fruits of most species are edible. Although selections of the Asiatic species M. prunifolia have been cultivated for their fruits for centuries in China and Japan, they have now been largely replaced by varieties of the “European” cultivated apple (M. pumila; also known as M. domestica). See also: Fruit; Fruit, tree; Horticultural crops; Rosales
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