Savage, George M. Upjohn International, Inc., Kalamazoo, Michigan.
Last reviewed:March 2020
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- Antimicrobial research
- Structure and functional groups
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
Chemical compounds biosynthetically or synthetically produced that destroy or usefully suppress the growth or metabolism of a variety of microscopic or submicroscopic forms of life. On the basis of their primary activity, antimicrobial agents (see illustration) are more specifically called antibacterial, antifungal, antiprotozoal, antiparasitic, or antiviral agents. Antibacterials that destroy are bactericides or germicides; those that merely suppress growth are bacteriostatic agents. See also: Antibiotic; Clinical microbiology; Fungistat and fungicide; Medical bacteriology
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