Gould, Richard A. Department of Anthropology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii.
Last reviewed:June 2019
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- Anthropological research
- Cultural linguistics
- Integration of subfields
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The observation, measurement, and explanation of human variability in time and space. Anthropology is a science concerned with the interrelations of the biological, cultural, geographical, and historical aspects of humankind, including modern human beings and their ancestors (Fig. 1). It also includes the study of biological variability and the study of cultural, or learned, behavior among contemporary human societies. In general, anthropological studies are closely allied with the fields of archeology and linguistics. Studies range from rigorously scientific approaches, including investigations into the physiology, demography, and ecology of hunter-gatherers, to more humanistic research on symbolism and ritual behavior. See also: Archeology; Bioarcheology; Dental anthropology; Forensic anthropology; Human biological variation; Human ecology; Molecular anthropology; Origins of symbolic behavior; Physical anthropology; Sociobiology
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