- Health Sciences
- Medical bacteriology, mycology, parasitology
- Rise of antibiotic resistance in bacteria
Rise of antibiotic resistance in bacteria
Pierce, Marcia M. Department of Biological Sciences, Eastern Kentucky University, Richmond, Kentucky.
- Identification of antibiotics
- First development of resistance
- Modern issues
- Resistance mechanisms
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
Antibiotic resistance in bacteria is a hot topic in the media and in scientific and health care settings worldwide. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) describes antibiotic-resistant bacteria as “nightmare bacteria” that pose a catastrophic threat to people in every country in the world. It is estimated that 2 million people in the United States become infected by resistant bacteria each year. The CDC indicates that at least 23,000 people die per year as a direct result of antibiotic-resistant infections, with more individuals dying because of complications that occur as a result of these infections. The CDC classifies three types of infections as urgent threats to public health: (1) carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE); (2) drug-resistant gonorrhea; and (3) Clostridium difficile, which is linked to serious diarrheal illnesses associated with antibiotic use. The current status of antibiotic resistance in the United States and worldwide needs to be investigated meticulously, and ways must be found to halt its progression. See also: Antibiotic; Antimicrobial agents; Antimicrobial resistance; Bacteria; Bacteriology; Drug resistance; Infection; Medical bacteriology; Microbiology; Public health
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