- Health Sciences
- Medicine and health science - general
- Neoadjuvant systemic therapy for breast cancer
Neoadjuvant systemic therapy for breast cancer
Research Review By:
Seitelman, Eric D. Department of Surgery, Division of Surgical Oncology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia.
Bear, Harry D. Department of Surgery, Division of Surgical Oncology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia.
- Extent of resection
- Axillary node sampling
- Hormonal therapy
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
The term neoadjuvant is used to describe therapy given prior to a planned surgical resection of a cancer with curative intent. Neoadjuvant systemic therapy (NST) has been explored in many different types of neoplasms, with varying success. Historically, breast cancer has been managed with primary surgery, followed by adjuvant (postoperative) chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, and/or radiation to decrease the chance of locoregional (restricted to a localized region of the body) and distant recurrence. NST for breast cancer was initially used to treat locally advanced breast cancer, which was considered inoperable. More recently, it has been increasingly applied to less advanced, operable breast cancer, and clinical trials have shown that it provides a range of benefits.
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