Composite material systems and structures
Soutis, Constantinos Department of Aerospace Engineering, University of Sheffield, South Yorkshire, United Kingdom.
- Fiber-reinforced plastics
- Design and analysis
- Manufacturing techniques
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
Composites combine the properties of two or more materials (constituents). Any two materials, such as metals, ceramics, polymers, elastomers, and glasses, can be combined to make a composite. They may be mixed in many geometries (particulate, chopped-fiber, woven, unidirectional fibrous, and laminate composites) to create a system with a property profile not offered by any monolithic material. In mechanical design, this is often done to improve the stiffness-to-weight ratio, strength-to-weight ratio, or toughness, while in thermomechanical design, it is to reduce thermal expansion, maximize heat transfer, or minimize thermal distortion. Composites have gained popularity in high-performance products that need to be lightweight yet strong enough to take high loads, such as aerospace structures, space launchers, satellites, and racing cars. Their growing use has arisen from their high specific strength and stiffness when compared to metals, and the ability to shape and tailor their structure to produce more aerodynamically efficient configurations.
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Its dedicated editorial team is led by Sagan Award winner John Rennie. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 42 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8500 articles and Research Reviews covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 17,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information