Census of Marine Life
Miloslavich, Patricia Department of Environmental Studies, Universidad Simón Bolívar, Caracas, Venezuela.
Trew Crist, Darlene Census of Marine Life, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, Rhode Island.
- What lived, what lives, and what will live in the ocean?
- Diversity, distribution, and abundance of marine life
- Legacy of the Census of Marine Life
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
The Census of Marine Life was launched in 2000 as a 10-year program to assess and explain the diversity, distribution, and abundance of marine life throughout the world's oceans. The ultimate goal of the program was to establish a baseline of information about marine organisms against which future changes could be measured. Three questions guided this program: What lived in the oceans? What lives in the oceans? What will live in the oceans? Two novel approaches were taken to answer these questions. The first was to launch an unprecedented coordinated effort of new research and exploration of all ocean realms and taxonomic groups, from the shallow zones to the deep sea, from the coasts to the open ocean, from the tropics to the polar regions, and from microbes and invertebrates to whales (Fig. 1). The second was a review and synthesis of the accumulated marine biodiversity knowledge on a global scale. To accomplish these aims, an international community of more than 2700 scientists from more than 80 nations and 670 institutions came together in a collaborative effort that resulted in 540 expeditions and 9000 days at sea, and more than 3000 peer-reviewed publications reviewing 10 years of research and exploration.
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Its dedicated editorial team is led by Sagan Award winner John Rennie. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 42 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8500 articles and Research Reviews covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 17,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information