Linzey, Donald W. Wytheville Community College, Wytheville, Virginia.
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The name given to a group of African and Asian hoofed ruminants of the order Artiodactyla. The 91 species in 31 genera are divided into five subfamilies (Bovinae, Cephalophinae, Hippotraginae, Antilopinae, and Caprinae) in the family Bovidae. The antelope group includes the bongos and kudus (Tragelaphus), elands (Taurotragus), duikers (Cephalophus and Sylvicapra), waterbucks (Kobus), reedbucks (Redunca), roan and sable antelopes (Hippotragus), oryx (Oryx), wildebeests or gnus (Connochaetes), impalas (Aepyceros), blackbucks (Antilope), gerenuks (Litocranius), gazelles (Gazella), and springboks (Antidorcas). One genus (Pseudonovibos) was described only on the basis of a series of 14 horns from Cambodia and Vietnam; the living animal has never been seen by scientists. See also: Artiodactyla; Mammalia
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