Chiao, Chuan-Chin Department of Life Science, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan.
Hanlon, Roger T. Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, Massachusetts.
- Hide in plain sight
- Camouflage body pattern types
- Cephalopod dynamic camouflage
- The eye as a sensor of diverse visual backgrounds
- Camouflage in the eyes of the beholder
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
Visual camouflage is recognized as one of the commonest and most powerful forces in natural selection and is found in nearly every ecosystem on Earth, yet curiously it is one of the least-studied phenomena in biology. Camouflage patterns have evolved in animals of every size and shape, including both invertebrates and vertebrates, and occur in aquatic and terrestrial habitats. Camouflage is even employed at night, a seemingly odd notion until it is realized that many nocturnal predators have specialized visual systems for seeing well under lighting conditions that humans cannot perceive. In recent years, camouflage has been studied in considerable experimental detail, and some exciting new discoveries are reshaping our views of the visual mechanisms by which camouflage works.
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