Veverka, Joseph Laboratory for Planetary Studies, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York.
Goguen, Jay. Jet Propulsion Laboratory, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Pasadena, California.
- Bond albedo and normal reflectance
- Geometric albedo
- Phase integral
- Other albedo types
- Role in planetary astronomy
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
The efficiency of a surface in reflecting light. White surfaces have albedos close to 1; black surfaces have albedos close to 0. Because this efficiency can vary with the direction to the light source, the direction to the observer, and the color (wavelength) of the light, there are several types of albedos in common use.
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