Mandler, George Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, California.
- Humans and other animals
- Cultural factors
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
Behavior that is intended to threaten or inflict physical injury on another person or organism; a broader definition may include such categories as verbal attack, discriminatory behavior, and economic exploitation. The inclusion of intention in defining aggression makes it difficult to apply the term unequivocally to animals in which there is no clear means of determining the presence or absence of intention. As a result, animal violence is usually equated with aggression.
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